Do you use
Process: Why use
When we consider how well a learner performed a speaking or writing task, we do not think of the performance as being right or wrong. Instead, we place the performance along a continuum from exceptional to not up to expectations. Rubrics help us to set anchor points along a quality continuum so that we can set reasonable and appropriate expectations for learners and consistently judge how well they have met them.
- Well-designed rubrics increase an assessment's construct and content
validity by aligning evaluation criteria to standards, curriculum, instruction,
and assessment tasks.
- Well-designed rubrics increase an assessment's reliability by setting
criteria that raters can apply consistently and objectively.
- Evaluating student work by established criteria reduces bias.
- Identifying the most salient criteria for evaluating a performance
and writing descriptions of excellent performance can help teachers clarify
goals and improve their teaching.
- Rubrics help learners set goals and assume responsibility for their
learning—they know what comprises an optimal performance and can
strive to achieve it.
- Rubrics used for self- and peer-assessment help learners develop their
ability to judge quality in their own and others' work.
- Rubrics answer the question "Why did I/my child get a B on this
- Learners receive specific feedback about their areas of strength and
weakness and about how to improve their performance.
- Learners can use rubrics to assess their own effort and performance,
and make adjustments to work before submitting it for a grade.
- Rubrics allow learners, teachers, and other stakeholders to monitor
progress over a period of instruction.
- Time spent evaluating performance and providing feedback can be reduced.
- When students participate in designing rubrics, they are empowered
to become self-directed learners.
- Rubrics help teachers move away from subjective grading by allowing
them and others, including students themselves, to assess work based on
consistent, often agreed upon, and objective criteria.